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Philosophy Alive

Definitions and Distinctions

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Definitions:

www.philosophypages.com/                                            Philosophy Study Aids/Dictionary
www.swif.it/foldop/                                                              Dictionary of Philosophy
www.ditext.com/runes/                                                       Dictionary of Philosophy
                                                                                                 Dictionary of Philosophy
 
Philosophy:  the science which considers all things  according to their ultimate causes, as organized by natural reason.
Truth:  the conformity of the mind to external facts.
Person:  individual substance in a rational nature.
Nature:  the being (esse) considered as moving to its final cause (goal).

Distinctinctions:  Confer Ted Honderich ed. Oxford Companion to Philosophy (Oxford: University Press, 2005)
 
Formal Cause:  act (Ibid., page 131)
Material Cause:  potency (Ibid., page 131)
Final Cause:  goal (Ibid., pages 131-133)
Efficient Cause:  producer (Ibid., page 131-133)
Instrumental Cause:  tool
Exemplary Cause:  pattern
Relationship:  way a thing stands to another, eg., older and younger (Ibid., page 798)
Predicables:  substance, quantity, quality, relation, etc., up to 10 in Aristotle (Ibid., page 131)
Property:  essential quality without which a thing would be a different thing (Ibid., page 762) 
 
 
 
 
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